Post-Relativity

Quantization of gravity based on Lorentz-Poincare ether theory


Post-Relativity is an alternative concept for the quantization of gravity. It rejects the relativistic paradigm of curved space-time and generalizes pre-relativistic Lorentz-Poincare to quantum gravity.
Post-Relativity is not in contradiction with experiment in the relativistic domain.

Related PACS numbers: 03.65.Bz, 04.20.Cv, 04.60.-m, 04.62.+v, 04.70.Dy

Postrelativity will be of interest not only for specialist in quantum gravity, but for everybody interested enough in the foundations of physics to buy Hawkings "short history of time", independent of the acceptance of postrelativity by the scientific community.

Related articles:

Generalization Of Lorentz-Poincare Ether Theory To Quantum Gravity, gr-qc/9706055 (TeX, HTML, Postscript)

Postrelativity - A Paradigm For Quantization With Preferred Newtonian Frame, gr-qc/9610047 (TeX, HTML, Postscript)

Post-Relativistic Gravity - A Hidden Variable Theory For General Relativity , gr-qc/9605013 (TeX, HTML, Postscript)

Principles of Post-Relativity

The classical position of Einstein is that general relativity is more fundamental than quantum theory. Postrelativity reverts this relation. The basic principles are:

  1. Classical quantum paradigm: Quantum theory has to be based on the complete framework of standard, classical quantum theory.
  2. Ether paradigm: Relativistic time dilation is explained by interaction of clocks with an ether.

Classical Lorentz-Poincare ether theory already realizes this scheme for special relativity. We generalize it to gravity and show that canonical quantization may be applied successfully to the resulting classical field theory.

The Atomic Ether and the Ultraviolet Problem

The only quantization problem is - similar to general relativity - the ultraviolet problem. All other relativistic quantization problems (problem of time, topological foam, information loss problem, violation of Bell's inequality and many others) disappear automatically.

To solve the ultraviolet problem, we have to make a simple additional hypothesis: that the ether has an atomic structure.

From technical point of view, the difference to relativity is the following: An atomic structure of the ether is a Galilean invariant regularization which explicitly removes the ultraviolet problems. We do not have to remove these regularizations, but give them a physical interpretation.

This is not possible in relativity, because the regularizations destroy the relativistic invariance of the theory. That's why they cannot have a physical justification. For the development of a relativistic quantum theory they have to be removed.

As far, I have no "beautiful" atomic model for ether theory. But I have defined a simple example theory - a lattice theory - to show that quantization is not problematic. There is no reason to assume that quantization of a beautiful atomic theory causes conceptual problems.

Global Universe

If we make the assumption that the universe is homogeneous in the large scale, the universe is flat. Moreover, it is not expanding and does not have a singularity in the past.

All this in simply a consequence of the different metaphysical interpretation. The universe is not expanding in absolute space, all remains on its place, but our rulers become smaller and our clocks become faster. Thus, our universe looks expanding, and going back in time, our clocks become slower and slower, with a finite "clock time" for infinite absolute time.

If the cosmological constants have non-trivial values, they lead to modifications of the general-relativistic picture (missing mass and wrong age of the universe), but if we ignore these effects, we have the same observations as for the usual flat Friedman solution of general relativity.

Black holes

In post-relativity we have no black holes, but "frozen stars". The collapse stops immediately before horizon formation. The part behind the horizon doesn't exist.

Again, this is only a consequence of metaphysical reinterpretation. From outside the black hole, all looks like in general relativity, and we cannot distinguish above theories by observation from outside the black hole.

The falling observer never (in absolute time) reaches the horizon. His clocks are going slower and slower, and he remains in a frozen state very close to the horizon.

Can we test post-relativity in experiment?

There are several points where relativistic symmetry is destroyed in post-relativistic quantum gravity:

All these possibilities instead of the last cannot be realized now.

Gauge theory

There is a similarity between general relativity and gauge theory. This similarity is partially destroyed by post-relativity.

This suggests similar modifications of gauge theory too. In this modified gauge (post-gauge) theory, the gauge potential is a physical step of freedom, and the Lorenz condition a physical equation.

This reinterpretation doesn't seem to lead to direct observable differences.

Status of Acceptance of the Concept

Postrelativity is a new concept. Parts of this concept (classical postrelativistic gravity) have been discussed in sci.physics. See also referee reports for gr-qc/9605013.

You can find in the internet a lot of crackpot theories, especially against relativity, which are not accepted by the scientific communtity. I recommend not even to read them and to read only accepted scientific theories.

Different from such "alternative physics" nonsense, I consider myself to be part of the scientific community, and I hope for publication in peer-reviewed journals. But this requires time, and may be more than usual, because it is last not least not completely in the mainstream and may be rejected by some journals. I will include each review I receive - negative or positive - into these pages.

Thus, you can wait two or three years, then the scientific value of post-relativity becomes more clear. I offer you these pages already now, because I think that in every case - even if it fails - post-relativity leads to a better understanding of the foundations of current physics, and the results will be of interest for laymen too.

Other Sources

See the bibliography.

Related 1996 PACS numbers in detail:

04.50.+h
Gravity in more than four dimensions, Kaluza-Klein theory, unified field theories, alternative theories of gravity
03.65.Bz
Foundations, theory of measurement, miscellaneous theories (including Aharonov-Bohm effect, Bell inequalities, Berry's phase)
04.20.Cv
Fundamental problems and general formalism
04.60.-m
Quantum gravity
04.62.+v
Quantum field theory in curved spacetime
04.70.Dy
Quantum aspects of black holes, evaporation, thermodynamics

God is not only throwing dices, he is cheating. He needs the uncertainty relation to hide this.

Comments and critical remarks please to schmelzer@wias-berlin.de